Red grapes

Aurora is a very easy grape for Dutch outdoor growing. This variety ripens well, even in slightly colder places in the garden and is very suitable for a neutral and soft wine (also for example a blended wine). This variety produces large racemes with medium-sized, golden-yellow fruits. The flesh is juicy and has a fairly neutral taste. The growth is strong and there is good resistance to mildew and many other diseases. This variety is very hardy. The yield is very large, even in a cold and humid climate.

Auxerrois blanc is a white French grape variety, crossed from the pinot and heunisch weiss. The name auxerrois is also used for the blue grape variety côt or malbec, which should not be confused with this grape. The name auxerrois is probably from the French county Auxerre.

The Bacchus is a white wine grape created by crossing a (Silvaner x Riesling) with Müller-Thurgau. Bacchus is an easy grape and can grow where Riesling, for example, does not ripen reliably. Bacchus ripens relatively early in the growing season, about the same time as Müller-Thurgau. Bacchus has a high productivity similar to that variety. In Germany, it was generally known for having high sugar potential and low acidity levels. It has rarely been considered good enough for premier vineyard sites for white wine in that country, where Riesling continues to reign. Bacchus can give varietal wines of reasonable quality, somewhat in a Sauvignon blanc-like style. In the Netherlands, the cooler climate can lift the acidity of Bacchus.

The white grape variety (also VB 91-26-1) is an interspecific new cross between Cabernet Sauvignon x unknown resistance partners. The hybrid was crossed in 1991 by the winery owner Valentin Blattner in Soyhières in the Swiss canton of Jura, and then selected in the Freytag nursery in Neustadt/Lachen-Speyerdorf in the Palatinate (Germany). The vine is resistant to frost, botrytis and both types of mildew, but tends to small berries (Millerandage). It produces aromatic, fragrant white wines with a taste somewhere between Riesling and Sauvignon Blanc.

Chardonnay is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine. The variety originated in the Burgundy wine region of eastern France, but is now grown wherever wine is produced, including the Netherlands. Chardonnay is an important component of many sparkling wines around the world, including Champagne and Franciacorta in Italy. Chardonnay’s popularity peaked in the late 1980s, then gave way to a backlash among those wine connoisseurs who saw the grape as a leading negative component of the globalization of wine. Nonetheless, it is one of the most widely planted grape varieties, with 210,000 hectares worldwide.

The white grape variety is by far the most common variety of the Traminer. The Gewürztraminer was first mentioned under this name by Johann Christian Butcher (1789-1852) in 1827 as a rare variety from the Rheingau. The vine is particularly vulnerable to viral diseases what in the meantime through selection of resistant Clone was solved. (

The white grape variety (also Freiburg 242-73, FR 242) is an interspecific new breed between Merzling x Freiburg 986-60. It is an extremely complex intersection, because both parent varieties have already emerged from a long chain of intersections. A total of around 15 varieties were involved. The crossing of the hybrid was done in 1973 by Norbert Becker (1937-2012) at the State Wine Institute Freiburg. The medium-ripening vine is resistant to the real and the wrong mildew such as Botrytis, (

The grape was grown in 1968 by Johannes Zimmermann of the wine-growing institute in Freiburg as fungus-resistant. It is the result of crossings between Riesling, Seyve-villard, Ruländer, and Gutedel. The grape is named after the grower. Outward similarity with her mother-grape the Riesling are unmistakable. Both the grape, bunch and the leaf. The best harvest time depends on the climate. In The Netherlands, this is early to mid October.

Merzling is a white-wine hybrid grape variety with a parentage of Seyval Blanc (or Seyve Villard 5-276) and a Riesling and Pinot Gris crossing. It was bred in Freiburg, Germany in 1960 by Dr. Johannes Zimmerman, and registered as a protected varietal in 1993. Its high tolerance of cold weather, resistance to most disease (excluding oidium), and tendency towards ultra-high yields means it is often used as a valuable blending component in cooler vineyard sites in various northern European regions. Ripening period lies between the end of September and early October

Müller-Thurgau is a white grape variety. This cultivar was developed in 1882 by the scientist Hermann Müller from the Swiss canton of Thurgau. After gene research around the year 2000, it has been determined that this is a cross between the Riesling Weiss and Madeleine Royale, a seedling of the Chasselas. With a worldwide planting of more than 40,000 ha, it is a very successfully grown grape. It is a grape variety that places relatively few demands on soil and weather. Wine from this grape has mild acids, is fruity and can best be drunk young.

The white grape variety is a new variety cross from Solaris x Gelber Muskateller. The hybrid was crossed in 1987 by Norbert Becker at the Viticulture Institute Freiburg (Baden-Württemberg). The medium-early maturing vine is resistant to both types of mildew and frost. The variety was released as a quality wine grape variety in Austria around 2018 after a long period of testing.

The Palatina is a cross between the “Queen of Vineyards” and the fungus-resistant “Seyve Villard 12-375.” The crossing took place in 1966 in Hungary by the breeders Pal Kozma, Lazlo Nagy and Marta Urbanyi. The early ripening vine is resistant to both mildews, frost and dryness. It yields a very rich harvest of large bunches, greenish-yellow grapes with a fruity sweet taste and a slight nutmeg aroma. Ripe for wine from the third week of September

Pinot blanc is a white wine grape. It is a point genetic mutation of Pinot noir.

The white grape comes from France. Around 150 Synonyms testify the old age and the wide spread. Pinot Gris was a crossing partner at Columna. Deckrot. Freisamer. Hecker. Hoelder. Johanniter. Merzling. Nosztori Rizling. ruling and Schantlrebe. According to a legend, Emperor Charles IV (1316-1378) brought the vine from France as early as 1375 Hungary where they from Cistercian monks was grown on Lake Balaton. That is why the Hungarian name is Szürkebarát (Gray Monk). From Hungary she allegedly found her way back to Alsace and was called Tokay here. The variety has been known since the 12th century. The first reliable mention comes from the year 1711 in Speyer in Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany).In France it was mentioned in 1712 as Auvernat Gris, in 1770 as Pinot Beurot and only in 1783 in Flavigny on the Côte d’Or as Pinot Gris. (

The white grape variety Riesel is an interspecific new breed between Cabernet Sauvignon x unknown resistance partners. The early ripening vine is resistant to frost and both mildews but prone to Botrytis, but prone to Botrytis. (

Riesling is a white grape variety. Originally it would be a descendant of the Heunisch grape and a Traminer variety. The grape is known as one of the best varieties. She is very popular in Germany and Alsace in particular. This grape is not ripe until late, usually late September or early October. The Riesling is suitable for the production of dry and elegant wines. In Germany the grape is known as Queen of the grapes

Rubens is a crossing of Riesling under number GM 7926-1 of Geisenheim test station. It is a fast growing grape, has good flowering power and also very large, compact bunches, is not susceptible to diseases. Rubens has a high yield and the ripening is irregular. The grapes are greenish yellow, medium to large.

This variety is an interspecific hybrid resulting from the crossbreeding of a descendant of Sauvignon x Riesling and a hybrid whose identity is unknown. There is no officially recognized synonym in France nor in the other countries of the European Union, for this variety. The hybrid was crossed by the owner of the vineyard Valentin Blattner in Soyhières in the canton of Jura in Switzerland. The late ripening, loose and frost-hardy vine with pink hard-shelled berries is resistant to both mildew and botrytis. Some of the variety research took place in Bordeaux and Cognac, where there are many villages, hamlets and field names ending in “nac”. One of the parents of this crossing is Sauvignon blanc and so, the name ‘Sauvignac’ was born.

The Sirius grape is a hybrid variety, a cross between the Bacchus, a pure Vitis Vinifera cross and the Seyve-Villard 12-375. The latter is a cross between two hybrids from Albert Seibel. It is a white grape with small berries that is well resistant to mildew. The plant produces large clusters with large green-yellow berries and a rich yield. Maturation takes place in the second week of October. The Sirius delivers a delicious aromatic wine with a mouthful aftertaste.

The Solaris is a white grape variety that was developed in 1975 by the Weinbau Institute in Freiburg. It originated from the cross of Merzling and Geisenheim 6493. This makes it a distant relative of the Riesling and Pinot Gris. Because of the many crossings, the grape has not remained a pure vitis vinifera, which means that it is considered to be one of the hybrid varieties. The name Solaris is derived from “solar” the sun, because of its strength and early summer ripeness. The wine is very suitable for cooler wine-growing regions, where the grape still has high sugar and low acid levels, resulting in strong fruity white wines, also because the ripening already takes place from 1st week of September.

The Souvignier Gris is a cross between the famous blue Bordeaux variety cabernet sauvignon and De Witte Bronner. The grape was cultivated at Weinbauinstitut Freiburg in 1983. Because both parents are vitis vinifera grape varieties (= wine grapes), souvignier gris is not a hybrid variety, but a cross. It is an easy grape and suitable for conveniently located vineyards. The grape is frost resistant, which makes it very suitable for cold climate regions.

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